If a Caliphate of Arab and Muslim countries and peoples is re-established, the unifying force will quite logically be Turkey. Arab countries are literally begging the leaders of Turkey, notably Erdogan who has recently become much more openly Sharia-oriented, to take the initiative and bring Syria, Iran, Iraq, and all the other nations of the region together. This includes making peace between Sunni and Shia Muslims, though that may not be fulfilled until the Muslim Mahdi, their savior, and the Muslim Jesus, their prophet, come upon the scene. There are many, including Iran’s Ahmadinejad, who are convinced that all of these events are imminent.
Oddly enough, this fits in well with the beliefs of Jews and Christians, though of course with a sense of dread instead of welcome. While Islam is convinced that it will come across as a “Religion of Peace” when all other believers will find conversion to Islam an obvious voluntary choice built on the obvious realization that Islam is true, Jews and Christians have quite the opposite view. They believe that Islam will try to force itself on non-Muslims in just the way Islam has always had to force itself: by conquest and intimidation. Of course, Christians are rightly accused of using exactly similar tactics of force and intimidation over the years, and so both sides fear the other, rightly so.
Can’t we just all get along? No.
The discussion on these pages has much to do with the pernicious influences of Sharia Law on Western Law. The autocratic and theocratic absolutism of Sharia would have made Hans Calmeyer’s hair stand on end, had not the home-grown Nazi fascists and dictatorial fanatics fully consumed his attentions. The Nazis gladly accepted whole regiments of Arab-Muslim fanatics into their ranks to fight for them in the Middle East, this was an effective combination for a time, and Nazi dictatorial extremism was valued by middle eastern governments well beyond World War 2, despite and indeed because of British colonial occupation.
Will the next phase of Middle Eastern Peace be brokered and guided by Ankara? Most likely.
Whether it is Erdogan or a successor, Turkey has a destiny apart from Europe, which it will not be able to fully join because of Western concerns about overwhelming immigration. However, demographics of the Turks and north African Muslims already inside Europe will eventually do the job of inescapable Muslim influence in Western Europe without (much) violence and without even more porous borders for the EC with Turkey. But it is that destiny apart from Europe which will also make Turkey the power broker for Muslims already inside Europe, and it seems entirely logical that Turkey be the “middle” in the muddle that has been Muslim and Arab culture for the past 600 years, since the last gasps of the Caliphate. The power inherent in being recognized as the power broker between regions that “must get along somehow” will bring Istanbul back to the “Center of Empires” that was so natural a convergence before. Add to this a fully re-Muslimized Bagdhad and Iraq, and even Shia and Sunni may be willing to cooperate in a full Muslim alliance.